Remote Spectrum Monitor™ MS27201A User Guide : LTE Measurements : LTE Carrier Aggregation
LTE Carrier Aggregation
LTE carrier aggregation measurements are used for compliance testing of 3GPP LTE networks and can evaluate active antenna systems for dynamic physical layer attributes and received power levels of the transmitted signal. Carrier aggregation displays up to eight component carrier (CC) measurements. Each carrier can be set up uniquely for signal band. An example LTE carrier aggregation measurement is shown in Figure: LTE Carrier Aggregation Measurement.
LTE Carrier Aggregation Measurement 
1. LTE Analyzer Status Panel: Each measurement features a unique status panel that displays settings and information relevant to the current measurement and view settings. This panel provides quick access to the MIMO antenna selection and status, current carrier and carrier count, sweep setting, and channel bandwidth configuration. See Status Panel (LTE Carrier Aggregation).
2. Signal Level: This area shows a bar graph of the signal level of the specific carrier.
3. Summary Display: Shows data for each numbered component carrier. The highlighted summary display area is the component carrier data that can be edited, and this area can be touched to select that component carrier for editing. A rotating magenta circle indicates which carrier is currently being measured.
Physical Cell ID (PCI) identifying information sent by the transmitter in the sync signal.
Reference Signal (RS) power is displayed in dBm. The reference signal is used for downlink channel estimation.
Center frequency of the measurement channel.
Channel bandwidth (BW) sets the bandwidth of the component carrier.
EVM (RMS) shows the percentage value of all the error vectors between the reconstructed ideal signals and the received signals divided by the RMS value of the ideal signals.
Frequency error is the difference between the measured carrier frequency and the specified carrier frequency. This measurement is only as accurate as the frequency reference that is used and is typically only useful with a good external frequency reference or GPS.
4. SETUP Menu: The component carrier settings are configured in the SETUP menu. See SETUP Menu (LTE Carrier Aggregation).
SETUP Menu (LTE Carrier Aggregation)
The carrier aggregation SETUP menu is available in MEASURE > MEASUREMENT > Carrier Aggregation > SETUP.
LTE SETUP Menu (Carrier Aggregation)
Selects the component carrier to make active. The active carrier is highlighted in the summary display area and any setting changes will apply to the active carrier. Note that the active carrier is not necessarily the one that is currently being measured.
Sets the number of carriers to be displayed on the screen and to be measured.
Sets the MIMO antenna number (0 to 3, or AUTO) to use during a measurement. AUTO will use the antenna with the highest received signal power.
Sets the cyclic prefix (or guard time interval) to Normal, Extended, or Auto. The cyclic prefix is a duplication of a fraction of the symbol end. This setting affects the OFDM symbol sensitivity to time dispersion.
Selects either frequency division duplex (FDD) or time division duplex (TDD).
Presets the SETUP menu to default settings.
Status Panel (LTE Carrier Aggregation)
The status panels illustrated in this section are unique to the current analyzer and to the particular measurement and view that is selected.
Figure: Status Panel (LTE Carrier Aggregation Measurement) shows the LTE status panel that covers the LTE carrier aggregation measurement.
Status Panel (LTE Carrier Aggregation Measurement) 
Selects the component carrier to make active. The active carrier is highlighted in the summary display area.
Sets the number of carriers to be displayed on the screen and to be measured.
MIMO ANTENNAS: Toggles the current MIMO antenna setting between AUTO or to select one of the available antennas. When a single antenna is selected, a blue underscore will appear below the antenna icon. The antenna icon is highlighted green when receiving a signal.
SWEEP: Toggles the current sweep setting between continuously or sweep once.
When sweep is set to single sweep, SWEEP ONCE updates the measurement display. Data continues to be captured in the background.
Sets the measurement channel bandwidth. The available bandwidth settings depend on the selected band and bandwidth option installed in the instrument. Refer to Options Settings.
Sets the center frequency of the measurement channel.
Indicates the current frequency reference source of Internal, External, or GPS Hi Accuracy (requires GPS). The instrument automatically selects the frequency reference in the following order of priority: external, GPS, then the internal time base.