S820E Microwave Site Master™ User Guide : Cable and Antenna Measurements : Measurement Setup : Limit Lines
Limit Lines
Limit lines are used for visual reference or for pass/fail criteria using the limit alarm and pass/fail message setting. Pressing either the Limit (6) key or the Limit main menu key displays the Limit menu.
Overview of limit lines:
Each measurement has a unique limit line.
The color of the limit line changes to red when a measurement trace exceeds a limit.
Select the Limit main menu key before trying to move a limit line using the touchscreen.
Limits set beyond the current amplitude range are displayed at either the top or bottom of the graph.
The last (most recent) limit line amplitude is stored when a limit line is turned off.
Limit Preset turns off the limit line display, limit amplitude, limit alarm, and the Pass/Fail message.
Limit Line Functions
1. Press Limit (6), then press the Active Limit key (if necessary) to choose Upper or Lower, then press the Limit State key to turn On a measurement‑specific limit line.
The limit line can be set as a single or a segmented limit. A single limit line extends over the entire displayed range of the sweep, independent of the start/stop settings of the sweep. For a single limit line, the amplitude for the start and stop points is the same. A segmented limit line can be divided into connected or disconnected segments with different start/stop x and y values.
Both the Upper and Lower limit lines for a trace must be of the same type: either both are Single, or both are Segmented.
2. Press Move Active Limit to set the limit line value by using the Up/Down Arrow keys, rotary knob, or number keypad.
Limit lines cannot be moved by using the touchscreen.
Limit Line Segments
3. For segmented limit lines, press Edit Segments to display the Segments menu. A table displays active limit lines and segments.
4. Tap on a limit line segment and then choose to Add, Edit, or Delete the segment. For editing purposes, consider a single, full‑span limit line as a single segment. Press the Close submenu key or the escape (ESC) key to close the Edit Segments menu and return to the Limit menu.
Upper limit lines and segments are labeled with a “U”, and Lower limit lines and segments are labeled with an “L”. Limit lines are displayed in green so long as the limits are not reached or exceeded. When a limit is exceeded (upper or lower), the limit line or segment turns red (Figure: Limit Lines and Trace Showing Fail Colors). Any portion of the measurement trace touching or exceeding a limit also turns red, while portions of the trace within limits remain in the default yellow color. When Segmented Limits are used, the trace color does not change when a limit is exceeded.
Limit Lines and Trace Showing Fail Colors
When editing a segmented limit line, a table is displayed with each segment in a separate row (Figure: Table of Limit Lines (or Segments)). The type is displayed as U or L. The Start and Stop settings are displayed as Start(x1,y1) and Stop(x2,y2). In a Return Loss measurement, for example, the x‑axis is in units of frequency, and the y‑axis is in units of dB.
Table of Limit Lines (or Segments)
When adding or editing a segmented limit line, a dialog box (Figure: Segment Editing Dialog Box) provides setting choices. You can choose Upper or Lower, then enter the x‑axis and y‑axis values for the segment Start and Stop. Differing y‑axis values result in a sloping line segment.
Segment Editing Dialog Box
Figure: Creating Limit Line Segments shows a sequence of creating limit line segments for a filter measurement.
Creating Limit Line Segments
Figure: Moving Limit Line Segments shows the result of moving limit line segments. Note that when moving upper or lower segments, all upper segments or all lower segments are moved by the same amplitude value, meaning that all upper or lower segments will move simultaneously. To change the value of a single segment, use the Edit Segments function.
Moving Limit Line Segments
Limit Alarm
1. Press the Limit Alarm key to turn On or Off the audible Limit Alarm.
2. Adjust the volume of the limit alarm by pressing System (8), then System Setups. Press the Display/Audio key and then Volume. Adjust the volume with the Up/Down Arrow keys, rotary knob, or the touchscreen. Press Enter to apply the new setting.
Pass/Fail Messages
Figure: Pass/Fail Message Turned On shows the Pass/Fail message. Note that in the Fail message, Upper (U) or Lower (L) or both (U,L) are displayed. To change the size and location of the Pass/Fail message, (when the Limit menu is displayed) tap the small circled arrow in the lower‑right corner of the large format message box. The circled arrow is in the upper‑left corner when the message is in small format.
Pass/Fail Message Turned On